White on White

Textile Decoration Techniques

Event at the Muzeul Txtilelor’s Building B, No. 20A, Băița,Hunedoara County, Romania - December 1th, 2018 – March 1th, 2019

The White on White exhibition brings to the public textile objects made during the period following the industrial revolution, especially in the city, but also in the rural areas of Europe and the United States. The bleached fabric made of linen, hemp and cotton were the mainly used materials for the household textiles included in this exhibition—tablcloths, napkins and bed linens. The mecanic weaving produced wide fabric, necessary for these objects, therefore, the techniques previously used for joint the norrow width of the hand made fabric were no longer used. The cut work embroidery, which in Romania it is also called „broderie  spartă,” drawn thread work, various types of lace and insertions are some of the most important white on white decoration technique. During the end of the nineteen cntury and the first half of the twentieth century these thechniques spread rapidly throughout Europe and the United States. They changed the preferences for the textiles for interiors, and provoked radical transformations especially in the group of textiles produced until then in the rural areas, with traditional materials and technologies.


Fibers and Color, Work  by Timea Borșan

Event at the Muzeul Txtilelor’s Art Cafe,  Building B, No. 20A, Băița,Hunedoara County, Romania - August 31th – November 31th, 2018

The Muzeul Textilelor continues its commitment to encouraging and supporting the making of textiles by the young generation with the exhibition Fibers and Color: Creations by Timea Ioana Borșan. This young artist began her education at the Colegiul Economic “Emanuil Gojdu” in Hunedoara, then continued at the Art High school ”Sigismund Toduță” in Deva. Presently she is a senior high school student at the Colegiul Național Pedagogic “Regina Maria” in Deva. Repeatedly, Timea has participated in international drawing competitions, where she has twice won awards. The vision of this gifted artist is characterized by a perspective of space, the three-dimensionalities of forms, and bold colors.  


Opposite Cultures—Textiles and Poetry of Romania and Japan. Comparativ Studies and Cultural Interferences of Two Artistic Traditions

Cultural event at the Muzeul Txtilelor’s Art Cafe, Băița, Nr. 20A, Hunedoara County, Romania 13 July, 2018, 3:00-7:45PM

In anticipation of the Opposite Cultures-Traditional Costumes of Romania and Japan exhibition, organized by the Muzeul Textilelor in collaboration with ASTRA Museum in Sibiu, which will open in 2019 at the ASTRA Museum, we are please to invite you to a program that reflect the artistic traditions of Romanian and Japanese cultures. The Muzeul Textilelor’s guests, Dr. Sonia Coman, Professor Mircea Lac and his students from the „Tabăra de educație și creație Țara Moților, 2018”, togeter with Dr. Florica Zaharia will bring in the front of the public presentations and demonstrations related to the subject of traditional cultures of the two countries.

Dr. Florica Zaharia will introduce to the audiance the subjet of the exhibition which she is curating with Mrs. Midori Sato. Similarities and diferences of the traditional textile production tipical for Romania and Japan will be presented in paralel.

Dr. Sonia Coman, will made an incursion into the fascinating world of Romanian Japonisme.  During a short presentation, we will learn about the first Romanian poets – from Vasile Alecsandri to Ion Pillat – who got acquainted with Japanese literature, via Western European sources, and tried their hand at writing poetry in the tradition of haiku. Dr. Coman will also read some of her own poems, in Romanian and English, from her most recent haiku book, Passages (New Canaan, CT: Hoshin Media, 2017).

Dl. Mircea Lac and his students from the „Tabărei de educație și creație Țara Moților, 2018” will demonstrate the art of making adornments which belong to the traditional costume of Padureni people. They will also fascinate us by their presentation of the wooden toys made by traditional methods.  

3:00-6:00PM The students of „Tabăra de educație și creație Țara Moților, 2018.” Coordinator Professor Mircea Lac. Demonstrations/workshops on the subject of Padureni’s adornments and Romanian traditional wooden toys.
18:05-18:30 Sonia Coman. Incursion into the fascinating world of Romanian Japonisme. Haiku poetry reading.
18:30-19:45 Florica Zaharia. Prezentation of the Opposite Cultures-Traditional Costumes of Romania and Japan exhibition.

Dr. Sonia Coman, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States
Profesor Mircea Lac, Centrul de Cultură și Artă, Deva, Romania
The students of „Tabărei de educație și creație Țara Moților, 2018,” Deva, Romania
Dr. Florica Zaharia, Muzeul Textilelor, Băița, Hunedoara, Romania

Sonia Coman
Sonia Coman is a Romanian-born poet and art historian, currently working as a research fellow at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. With a BA degree from Harvard and a PhD from Columbia, Sonia has a double specialization in French art and Japanese art. Her research focuses on ceramics, explored in light of cross-cultural influences and the global circulation of visual and poetic motifs. Sonia’s poetry has been published and awarded internationally. Her latest book, "Passages", was shortlisted for The Haiku Foundation’s Touchstone Distinguished Book Award.

Mircea Lac
Professor Mircea Lac, has a vast experience in the artistic education of youths. He is a promoter of the Romanian traditional culture. Mr. Lac studied at the Școla Pedagogică „I. A. Komenski” from Deva, and at the University of Iași where he followed special training for art school professors. His professional performance includes multiple exhibitions and interactive activities in Romania and abroad, including in France, Swiss, Germany, Belgium and the United States. He is the professor of the „Tabara de educație și creație Țara Moților, 2018,” in Deva.

Florica Zaharia
Dr. Florica Zaharia is the director and the owner of the Muzeului Textilelor, which she founded in 2017 together with her husband and doughter in Băița, Hunedoara county, Romania. Dr. Zaharia is a Conservator Emerita of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, where for twenty eight years she was a member of the Department of Textile Conservation. For therteen years she was the Conservator in Charge of the department. Dr. Zaharia has researched, published, lectured, curated exhibitions, and taught on the subjects of tapestry conservation, textile materials and technology, Eastern European textiles, and textile conservation and preservation. Dr. Zaharia earned her academic degrees from the National University of Art "Nicolae Grigorescu" in Bucharest. 


Opening of the Muzeul Textilelor in Baita, Hunedoara County, Romania

The inauguration of the Muzeul Textilelor will be on May 26, and the opening to the public on May 28, 2018.

The Museum is owned by Florica and Romulus Nicolae Zaharia and their daughter Ana Teodora Dragus. The textile collection, formed during the last four decades, encompasses approximately 12,000 textiles and tools. Its focus is on textile materials and techniques used worldwide. The Muzeul Textilelor is the first museum of its kind in Romania and, to our knowledge, in all of Eastern Europe.

The two inaugural exhibitions reflect the type of collection the Museum houses, and its mission. Textiles-Art and Necessity: Highlights of the Muzeul Textilelor Collection displays examples of textiles from various cultures including fabrics made of a wide range of textile fibers, as well as tools, costumes and accessories, and textiles for interiors. The Mathematics of Weaving: Work by the Students of Hunedoara County, at the Museum’s Art Café, demonstrates our commitment to working with the young members of the community. Both exhibitions are curated by Florica Zaharia.